Chart of Accounts Overview (v5.0)

Modified on Wed, 20 Sep 2023 at 09:34 AM

  

  

 

Purpose of this document

 

A Chart of Accounts (COA) is a created list of the accounts used by a business entity to define each class of items for which money or the equivalent is spent or received. It is used to organize the finances of the entity and to segregate expenditures, revenue, assets and liabilities in order to give interested parties a better understanding of the financial health of the entity.  

 

Normally defined by an identifier and a heading explaining text title and coded by account type. The information in the Chart can be used to create a company's basic financial reporting; consisting of an Income Statement and a Balance Sheet. Each account in the Income Statement and the Balance Sheet is called a G/L Account, and all of the G/L Accounts makes the Chart of Accounts List.

 

This procedure discusses the setup and use of a Chart of Accounts in Ceres. 

 

Ceres Object release 5.00.00 is required for the functionality described in this document. 


 

 

Table of Contents


 

G/L Accounts Overview

 

1. The Chart of Accounts list can be accessed from Departments à Financial

Management à General Ledger à Lists à Chart of Accounts.


 

In the Chart of Accounts List, all G/L accounts are available and can be viewed at one time. However, there is also a G/L Account Card for each account that can be accessed from the Chart of Accounts list.

 

1. To edit an existing G/L Account Card select elect the G/L Account you want to edit.  Then click

on Edit in the Home Tab or the Ribbon.   This will display the G/L Account Card.


2. Make the changes and then click OK.  This will close the G/L Account Card and return you to the

Chart of Accounts.


3. You can also make changes directly from the Chart of Account List view by clicking on Edit in the

Home Tab of the Ribbon.  The Chart of Accounts in edit mode will display.  Make the necessary changes and the click OK.


 

Creating G/L Account Cards

1. To create a new G/L Account from the Chart of Accounts List, click on New from the Home Tab

of the Ribbon.  


2. If the G/L Acct. Sch. Reminder field is toggled in the General Ledger Setup, then a message of

Remember to add G/L Account XXX to the appropriate Account Schedule Line message will display when a new G/L Account is created.


3. Fill in the fields as necessary on the General FastTab. 


No.:  Enter unique number for this G/L account.  

 Name:  Enter the G/L Account name

Income/Balance: Indicates whether the G/L Account is classified as an Income Statement of a Balance Sheet account. This field is important in determining whether an account is included in the Close Income Statement function when the fiscal year is closed.

Account Category and Account Subcategory:  Select the from the drop down, a category and subcategory to further identify the type of Accounts.  These fields are optional but can be useful when creating reports.

Debit/Credit: Indicates the type of entries that will usually be posted to this G/L Account. The selection made does not restrict the type of transaction posted to the account.

Account Type: This field indicated the purpose of the account in the different list, journals, and reports. The options are as follows: 

Posting - The only G/L Account type where entries can be posted.


Heading - Used for description purposes only. 


Total - Used to total the G/L Accounts ranged in the totaling field.


Begin-Total - Marks the beginning of a G/L Account range in the totaling field.


End-Total - Marks the end of a G/L Account range in the totaling field.

Totaling:  Input the range of G/L Accounts that will be included in the total when the Account Type is Total. . This field updates automatically when you run the Indent Chart of Accounts function for End-Total Account Types.

No. of Blank Lines: Determines the number of blank lines that print between the G/L Accounts in the Chart of Accounts report.

New Page: Determines whether a new report page is printed after the G/ Account in the Chart of Accounts report.

Search Name: Used to search for an account when the account number cannot be recalled.

Balance: Displays the current balance of the G/L Account. Click the balance amount to access the General Ledger Entries List.

Reconciliation Account: Determines whether the G/L Account is included in the Reconciliation list in the General Journals. Use the Reconciliation list before posting to review the effect of posting the accounts in the journal.

Automatic Ext. Text:  If selected, extended text set up on the G/L Account is automatically added to sales and purchase documentation in the Description field. If not selected, extended text can still be set up on the G/L Account and added to documents manually. To create the extended text, click Related Information, àAccount à Extended Text.

Direct Posting: Indicate whether posting is allowed directly into this G/L Account from a Journal Line. Be aware that this field is automatically checked when new G/L Accounts are created.

Blocked: If selected, prevents entries from posting to this G/L Account. Accounts can be blocked and reopened as needed.

Last Date Modified: Ceres generated field; displays the date when the G/L Account was last modified.

 Omit Default Description in Jrnl:  Place a checkmark in this field if you want to omit the G/L Account Name field in the Description field in Journals.

4. Fill in the fields as necessary on the Posting FastTab.


Gen. Posting Type:  Defines whether the G/L Account is used only for a Sale or Purchase transaction or with both types of transactions. 

Gen. Bus. Posting Group: Identifies the default General Business Posting Group for this G/L Account. This field indicates whom you distribute-to or buy-from.  It is also used with the Gen. Prod. Posting Group and Gen. Posting Type fields to find the G/L Accounts to post to for fees, purchases, discount amounts, COGS, and inventory adjustments.

Gen Prod. Posting Group: Identifies the default General Product Posting Group for this G/L Account. This field indicates the type of item sold or purchased. It is also used with the Gen. Bus. Posting Group and Gen. Posting Type fields to find the G/L accounts to post to for sales, purchases, discount amounts, COGS, and inventory adjustments.

Tax Group Code:  Specify the default Tax Group for this G/L Account.  This only needs to be filled in if you are setting up Sales Tax and using G/L Account for billing purposes. This field is not used by most food banks.

Fund No.:  Specify the default Fund number for this G/L Account.

 

Fund Value Posting:  Select a value to require any Fund, the same Fund, or no Fund when posting transactions to this G/L Account.

Note: If Fund Value Posting is set to “Code Mandatory” or “Same Code” and the Account is a Warehouse/Inventory account it is necessary to set the “Whse. Fund No.” on the General Tab of the General Ledger Setup page to the Fund to be used for Warehouse/Inventory transactions as Ceres uses a single fund for all Warehouse/Inventory transactions.

Excl. from Budget Enforcement: Place a checkmark in this field if you if you wish to exclude Budget Enforcement from being applied to any transaction posted to this Account.  Refer to the Budget Enforcement Overview Procedure Document for more information.

Budget Notification Group:  If a G/L Account is not “Excl. from Budget Enforcement”, you can specify a Budget Notification Group if you would like warning or failure budget notifications to be sent to a Budget Notification Group other than or in addition to the default Budget Notification Group specified on the G/L Budget. Refer to the Budget Enforcement Overview Procedure Document for more information.

Default Deferral Template:  Specify the Default Deferral Template for the G/L Account. This would apply to a pre-paid deposits or pre-paid insurance amounts when the total amount is recorded up front, but revenue or expense is recorded across many accounting periods.

5. Fill in the fields as necessary on the Consolidation FastTab.


Consol. Debit Account:  Enter the number of the G/L Account in the consolidated company you want Ceres to transfer debit balances for this G/L Account to.

Consol. Credit Account:  Enter the number of the G/L Account in the consolidated company you want Ceres to transfer credit balances for this G/L Account to.

Consol. Translation Method:  This field contains the consolidation translation method that will be used for this G/L Account. The translation methodology identifies the currency translation rate to be applied to the G/L Account on the Reporting FastTab.

6. The fields on the Costing Account FastTab are related to GIFI Codes and not used in Ceres.


  

  

Chart of Accounts List Ribbon

 

1. The Chart of Accounts List Ribbon has Home, Actions, Navigate and Report Tabs that can be

accessed.


2. The Home Tab provides additional functions and is the most relevant navigation accesses for

the G/L Account Card.  From Home you can view, edit, delete, or create a new G/L Account.  You can also Refresh or Clear Filters on the List. 


3. The Actions Tab includes Export Electronic Accounts and Posted Document without Income

Document.


4. The Navigate Tab provides additional information about the G/L Account.  You can choose

Ledger Entries, Dimensions, G/L Balance, G/L Balance by Dimension, G/L Register, etc.


Ledger Entries:  Displays all ledger entries related this G/L account.

Comments:  Display or enter comments that relate to this G/L Account.

Dimensions:  Display or enter default Dimensions for this G/L Account.

Extended Text:  Display or enter extended text for this G/L Account.

Receivables-Payables: Provides a summary of the expected net operational cash flow from customers and vendors over time.  In this view, open Agency and Vendor Ledger Entries sorted by their Due Date instead of Posting Date. 

Where-Used List:  Displays a list of tables where this G/L Account is used.

G/L Balances Options: From the Balance options you can choose how you would like your G/L data displayed.  You can use the G/L Balances by Dimension option for a quick review of your G/L Account balances by date, Dimension, etc. 

G/L Register:  Displays all the G/L Registers in Ceres.

1. From the Report Tab you can print the Chart of Accounts, G/L Registers, and Trial Balances.


 

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